Midi2CV Mk2

Midi2CV Mk2 is a DIY embeddable MIDI to 4 x CV/Gate converter with extensive configuration options and extra modulation sources (LFO and AHDSR EG).

Midi2CV_mk2#1 (small)



  • +-12V or +-15V, Euro or MOTM power connector
  • 50mA@+15V, 10mA@-15V


  • 4 x CV channels, each could be 0+5V, 0+10V or -5+5V, configurable by jumpers
  • 4 x Gate channels, 0+5V, 0+7V or 0+10V, configurable by a jumper


  • optional MIDI IN LED, blinks when receiving MIDI events


  • optional GATE LED, lit when a note is on


  • MIDI IN connector


  • optional MIDI OUT connector, mirrors MIDI IN


  • hold down during power up to enter firmware update mode via MIDI
  • hold down while receiving a note to learn MIDI Channel (v2.03+)
  • hold down while receiving control change to learn control CV parameter
  • hold down while moving pitch wheel up/down to turn note tuning mode on and off
  • hold down for 10 sec while the device is idle to reset the device to default settings

On-board switches

SW1-4 specify default base MIDI channel

  • MONO, DUO and POLY modes use the base channel
  • QUAD mode uses base channel, base channel +1, +2 and +3

1234 ch     1234 ch
.... 01     ...X 09
X... 02     X..X 10
.X.. 03     .X.X 11
XX.. 04     XX.X 12
..X. 05     ..XX 13
X.X. 06     X.XX 14
.XX. 07     .XXX 15
XXX. 08     XXXX 16

SW5-6 specify operation mode:

  • MONO — classic monophonic mode with last note priority
    CV: note, velocity, after touch, control
    Gate: gate, strobe, start, clock
  • DUO — classic duophonic mode
    CV: note1, note2, velocity, aftertouch
    Gate: gate, strobe, start, clock
  • QUAD — four pitch CVs on adjasent MIDI channels
    CV: note1, note2, note3, note4
    Gate: gate1, gate2, gate3, gate4
  • POLY — true polyphonic voice allocation
    CV: note1, note2, note3, note4
    Gate: gate1, gate2, gate3, gate4
56 Mode
.. mono
X. duo
.X quad
XX poly

Note CV: 1V/Oct pitch CV with optional micro tuning: every note can be set to output any CV level within selected output range. Can be used for Hz/V, alternate tuning schemes, or to correct VCO tracking imperfections. Note tuning is configured using special operation mode, and could be saved, restored or loaded via sysex message from a computer.

Velocity CV: linear by default, however, you can choose to adjust velocity response curve making it softer, harder or wider:


After touch CV: linear by default, however, you can choose to adjust after touch response curve making it softer, harder or wider, similar to velocity CV above.

Control CV: by default, this CV tracks CC 1 (Modulation Wheel) value, however, it could be set to track any CC from 1 to 120. Control setting can be “learned” on the fly: hold down LEARN switch and turn/click the desired control knob/button.

Gate: goes high when a key is down, low when no keys are down. If “strobe gate” option is in effect, gate signal is pulled down for the duration of the strobe every time a key is pressed while some other key is down. This allows envelopes to re-trigger for synths that don’t have Strobe input.

Strobe: goes down for 1 to 5 ms, occurs each time a key is pressed. Strobe length and polarity are configurable by sending a sysex message and the setting is persisted in EEPROM.

Start: goes high when MIDI Start/Continue message is received and down when MIDI Stop message is received.

Clock: goes down for 1 to 5ms each time MIDI clock message is received, could be divided down to 32 triplet, 32th note, 16 triplet, 16th note, 8th note triplet, etc. all the way to 2 bar note. Division factor is configurable by a sysex and the setting is persisted in EEPROM.

MIDI Channel

On-board switches SW1-4 specify default MIDI channel. Midi2CV Mk2 uses this channel when it is first started or is reset to default settings. You can change Midi2CV Mk2 MIDI channel by changing these switches or “learning” it from a note played while holding down LEARN switch. The “learned” MIDI channel will be in effect until the device is reset, in which case the default MIDI Channel specified by DIP switches will be used.

LFO and EG

Starting with firmware version 2.0, Midi2CV Mk2 provides two extra modulation sources: LFO and AHDSR EG which can be assigned to any CV output. These modulation sources are controlled by MIDI CC commands sent from an external MIDI controller connected to MIDI IN.

LFO specifications:

  • frequency: 0.1-100Hz
  • basic waveshapes: sine, sweep, lumps, spike, sine3, sine5, triangle, ramp up, ramp down, square, random sample&hold, random lines, noise
  • phase distortion waveshaper
  • wave steppyness
  • free running or reset on note on
  • fade in 0 – 10sec
  • bipolar or unipolar
  • amplitude control

EG specifications:

  • segments: Attack, Hold, Decay, Sustain, Release
  • segment duration: 0-15sec
  • segment shape: linear, expo, sine
  • legato retrigger: on / off
  • MIDI Clock retrigger: 1/32T – 2bars
  • auto gate control – 0-15sec (similar to MS-20 EG)
  • looping: off, gated, auto
  • inverted: on/off
  • amplitude control

In looping mode EG can be used as a fancy LFO with the shape composed by four linear, exponential or sinusoidal segments with the duration specified by Attack, Hold, Decay, Sustain and Release controls.

Software pitch bend

Starting with firmware v3.10, Midi2CV Mk2 supports software pitch bend: note CV is affected by MIDI Pitch Bend events according to pitch bend range in semitones set by the 0Bh sysex command. If pitch bend range is set to 0, software pitch bend is effectively disabled. The pitch bend range setting does not affect hardware Pitch Bend CV.

Note CV tuning

The default note CV tuning is 1V/Oct for output range 0-10V and -5+5V ranges, and 0.5V/Oct for 0-5V range.

To enable note CV tuning mode, hold down LEARN switch and move Pitchbend wheel up, then release LEARN switch and return Pitchbend wheel to neutral.

To disable note CV tuning mode, hold down LEARN switch and move the Pitchbend wheel down, then release LEARN switch and return Pitchbend wheel to neutral.

While note tuning mode is in effect, hold down a key and use the pitch wheel to adjust the note’s pitch. Release the key to remember the  note’s pitch.

You can also use Control Change messages to reset, increment/decrement and interpolate note tuning, see the CC table below.

Control Change messages

LFO and EG control CCs (v2.0+):

Parameter CC Description
LFO CV 90 0 – none
1 – CV1
2 – CV2
3 – CV3
4 – CV4
LFO Shape 91 0 – sine
1 – sweep
2 – lump
3 – spike
4 – sine3
5 – sine5
6 – triangle
7 – ramp up
8 – ramp down
9 – square
10 – random S/H
11 – random lines
12 – noise
LFO Rate 92 0 – 127, 0.1 – 100Hertz
LFO Sync 93 (reserved, [TBI])
LFO Reset 94 0 – free running
1 – reset on note on
LFO Delay 95 0 – 127, 0 – 10sec
LFO Amplitude 96 0 – 127
LFO Bipolar 97 0 – unipolar
1 – bipolar
LFO Waveshape distortion 98 0 – 127
LFO Waveshape steppyness 99  0 – 127
EG CV 100 0 – none
1 – CV1
2 – CV2
3 – CV3
4 – CV4
EG Attack 101 0 – 127, 0 – 15sec
EG Hold 102 0 – 127, 0 – 15sec
EG Decay 103 0 – 127, 0 – 15sec
EG Sustain 104 0 – 127
EG Release 105 0 – 127, 0 – 15sec
EG Gate 106 0 – 127, 0 – 15sec
EG Amplitude 107 0 – 127
EG Shape 108 0 – linear
1 – expo
2 – sine
EG Retrigger 109 0 – don’t retrigger on legato notes
1 – retrigger on every note on
EG Loop 110 0 – none
1 – loop while note is held down
2 – loop endlessly
EG Sync 111 Retrigger EG in sync with MIDI Clock
0 – none
1 – 1/32T
2 – 1/32
3 – 1/16T
4 – 1/16
5 – 1/8T
6 – 1/16D
7 – 1/8
8 – 1/4T
9 – 1/8D
10 – 1/4
11 – 1/2T
12 – 1/4D
13 – 1/2
14 – 1T
15 – 1/2D
16 – 1
17 – 2T
18 – 1 1/5
19 – 2
EG Invert 112 0 – normal
1 – inverted

While in note tuning mode Midi2CV Mk2 recognizes the following control messages:

CC Value Action
115 > 0 Reset all notes tuning
116 > 0 Reset last note tuning
117 > 0 Increment last note tuning
118 > 0 Decrement last note tuning
119 > 0 Interpolate last note tuning

You can also use pitch wheel to quickly get note tuning into required range.

Sysex data format

Sysex message format:

0xf0, // Sysex
0x29, // PPG manufacturer ID
'2','C','V',0x00, // Midi2CV Product ID
// * Command byte (SysexCmd)
// * Argument byte (flags | index)
// * Payload bytes (nibbelized)
0xf7 // Sysex end

Sysex message commands:

0x00, // arg=0 reset device, arg=1 update firmware (v1.14+)
0x01, // set controller cc number
0x02, // set strobe width 0-4: 1-5ms
0x03, // set clock divider 0-19: see intervals.h/cc
0x04, // set tune data 128 x int words of tune data
0x05, // set velocity curve, 0-8: linear, soft1/2/3, hard1/2/3, wide1/2
0x06, // set aftertouch curve, 0-8: linear, soft1/2/3, hard1/2/3, wide1/2
0x07, // set number of poly mode voices, 1-4 (v3.00+)

0x08, // set invert strobe mode: 0 - positive, 1 - negative (v1.11+)

0x09, // set invert gate mode: 0 - positive, 1 - negative (v1.12+)
0x0A, // set strobe gate mode: 0 - off, 1 - on (v1.13+)
0x0B, // set pitch bend range: 0 - disable note pitch bend, 1-12 semitones pitch bend (v3.10+)
0x10, // request firmware version (v1.11+)
0x11, // request SETCONTROLLER
0x12, // request SETSTROBEWIDTH
0x13, // request SETCLOCKDIVIDER
0x14, // request SETTUNEDATA
0x15, // request SETVELOCITYCURVE
0x17, // request SETNUMVOICES (v3.00+)

0x18, // request SETINVERTEDSTROBE (v1.11+)
0x19, // request SETINVERTEDGATE (v1.12+)
0x1A, // request SETSTROBEGATE (v1.13+)
0x1B, // request SETPITCHBENDRANGE (v3.10+)

Firmware update

Midi2CV firmware update steps:

  1. Connect your MIDI interface output to Midi2CV MIDI IN
  2. Power on Midi2CV while holding down LEARN switch. LEDs will blink shortly then MIDI IN LED will stay steadily lit. Alternatively, you can request firmware update by sending ‘request_firmware_update.syx’ file to MIDI IN.
  3. Send firmware update sysex file (*.syx) to your MIDI interface port with 250ms delay between sysex buffers. Elektron’s C6 works great on OS X and Windows. Classic MIDI-OX is also good on Windows. MIDI LED will be blink while firmware sysex is being received. On successful update, LEDs will blink 3 times one after another. On error, both LEDs will blink together 5 times.

Starting with firmware version 1.14 you can request firmware update without using LEARN switch by sending RESET DEVICE sysex with argument byte set to 0x01. This facilitates firmware updates for applications where LEARN switch is not present or is difficult to access.

Revision history

v.3.42 10/27/2022

  • Fixed subtle stability issue with gate output, thanks to Chris G.
  • Fixed problem with release key retrigger that would retrigger just triggered note.

v.3.40 01/30/2022

  • Replaced DUAL mode with classic DUOphonic mode. If you need old DUAL mode please consider using QUAD mode and strobe gates.

v.3.30 01/27/2022

  • Replaced PitchBend CV with AfterTouch CV.

v.3.20 08/05/2021

  • Fixed problem with note tuning introduced in previous update, thanks to GregC.

v3.10 05/19/2021

  • Implemented software pitch bend support with configurable range of 0 to 12 semitones.
  • Fixed probelms with MIDI channel number wrap around when base channel is set to 16 in DUAL or 14, 15, 16 in QUAD modes.

v3.00 11/30/2020

  • Replaced DRUM mode with POLY mode that provides up to 4 channels of true polyphonic voice allocation.
  • Re-worked MIDI I/O implementation eliminating jitter and minimizing soft MIDI Thru delay.

v2.03 6/24/2017

  • Implemented MIDI Channel LEARN feature.

v2.02 5/23/2017

  • Fixed problem with clock output generating clock at incorrect frequency after receiving MIDI Stop followed by MIDI Continue events. Thanks to Benjamin for reporting.

v2.01 3/8/2017

  • Implemented more musical LFO fade in

v2.00 3/7/2017

  • Added LFO and EG

v1.14 1/10/2017

  • Set note CVs to C4 upon start or reset
  • Added ability to request firmware update by sysex

v1.13 11/3/2016

  • Added “strobe gate” option and sysex

v1.12 07/02/2015

  • Added gate polarity option and sysex

v1.11 06/17/2015

  • Fixed problems with All Notes Off handling
  • Added strobe polarity option and sysex
  • Added firmware version request sysex

v1.10 02/14/2015

  • added Drum Mode
  • changed Note Tuning mode activation to LEARN+PitchBend
  • fixed nasty EEEPROM initialization bug

DIY Resources

Bill of Materials: Midi2CV Mk2 BOM

Firmware: Midi2CV_Mk2_v342

Sysex files: Midi2CV_Mk2_v310_syx

Schematics: midi2cv_mk2

Firmware source code: midi2cv_mk2_300_src

Board outline (1:1 PDF): midi2cv_mk2


Ordering Midi2CV

To order Midi2CV, please send an email to pete at kvitek  c o m specifying how many PCBs and pre-programmed MCUs you need, a country where to ship them, and an email address to send the PayPal invoice to.

Prices (US dollars):

Midi2CV PCB — $25
Pre-programmed ATMega328p — $10
2 x MCP4922 DAC ICs — $10


Continental USA — $5 (California residents add 8.75% tax)
Canada – $15
Europe – $20
Australia – $20

Please make sure your PayPal shipping address is correct!

Midi2CV_mk2#2 (small)

Midi2CV in 5U format


MIDI LEARN switch: E-Switch PV2S240NN — DigiKey, Mouser
DIN MIDI connectors: CUI Devices SD-50SN — DigiKey, Mouser
1/4″ connectors: Switchcraft 112AX — DigiKey, Mouser


FrontPanel Express panel: 1U_MIDI2CV

Midi2CV Mk2 MOTM panel

Midi2CV Mk2 MOTM module


Vector format panel: Midi2CV_MU_panel

I have a few of these available for sale, please email me at the address specified on the ordering page.

Midi2CV Mk2 MU panel

Midi2CV Mk2 MU module

151 thoughts on “Midi2CV Mk2

  1. Hey Peter,
    Everything is working with my new build except in DUAL Mode every note higher than the middle F# are that same middle F# note. Everything below that works perfect. I’ve tested on different midi keyboards, and if I transpose down the full keyboard works normally.

      • Playing on remote Novation Remote SL 37 with either split keyboard on midi channel 1/2. Also tried with Yamaha cbx-k1 and routing through the SL37. I have two modules connected with gate/note/velocity. On both channels this same problems occurs. In every midi setting I try. On all keyboards the problem is solved if I transpose down.

  2. Hello, Peter!
    What do I need to know about flashing the Atmega with your hex-es? I use USB TL866 Programmer. What file do I need to upload: midi2cv.hex, midi2cv_eeprom.hex, muboot.hex? And what are the fuses values? Thanks!

    • You’ll need to know how to use your AVR ISP programmer.

      Fuses are:
      LFUSE = ff
      HFUSE = d4
      EFUSE = fd
      LOCK = 2f

      The core firmware file is midi2cv.hex, the device should work after you flahs it. muboot.hex is the bootloader, you need it only if you want to update firmware by MIDI. If you decide to use it, erase the device, flash bootloader, then main firmware w/o earsing the device. _eeprom.hex is not relevant, just make sure to reset the device if it had some junk in the eeprom.

  3. Hi, I would like to use this to control a Korg Volca Modular. Now I don’t know much about modular, or electronics, but the Volca uses tiny patch cables that are only 1-lead. It has a pre-routed, internal signal path which simplifies its use to ignoramuses like me. Should I connect the Volca’s and Midi2CV’s grounds to prevent dirty voltage signals going across?

      • Sounds obvious enough. But it really means I should route a ground lead out through the Volca case and connect it to Midi2CV ground, right?

      • Okay I just tested this and, indeed, I’ve decided to drill a hole in the back of the Volca case to route a ground lead through to the Midi2CV. It works really well! I love the LFO’s Random Lines mode! The AHDSR envelope controls and options are great too. Thanks.

  4. Hi, just wonderinf ig you are still considering releasing the polyphonic firmware as this is something I would be very interested in!

    • Yeah, there is an unofficial firmware that implements 4 note polyphonic MIDI2CV conversion 4 x (Note CV + Gate)… the core functionality works, i’m in process of figuring out the options.

  5. Pingback: Major MIDI2CV Mk2 upgrade | MidiSizer

  6. Hi Peter, please help me 🙂 How can I reach duophonic mode? Not Dual, because it takes midi from two different channels, and converter works as two independent converters, but I need mode that converter will take midi messages from one channel, for example, to drive a duophonic synth with keyboard.

  7. Hi, I have an older Midi2CV I built around 2015 (I think?). I was trying to update the firmware, but I’m a little confused. I’ve started up the midi2cv in the firmware update mode by holding down the learn switch and turning it on. I get the the blinking lights and then the stable midi light. In the Midiox sysex window, I configured for 250 ms in between buffers and I loaded in the midi2cv.syx from the latest firmware download. Then I used send/receive sysex. I see the midi and gate lights blinking in groups of 5 while the data is being sent over but then nothing. This sounds like a bunch errors? If I send/receive the request_firmware_version.syx, I get nothing but have gotten responses with other request sysex files. I’m wondering if I’m doing anything wrong here?

    • What you are doing sounds correct, so the problem may be the MIDI interface you are using. Some of them are not able transfer larger sysexes. Those cheapo MIDI interfaces integrated into a MIDI cable are the known ones that don’t work for firmware updates.

      So try a different MIDI interface.

  8. Does anyone have a recommended case for a standalone unit? I’m looking to put this in a box with panel mounted din for midi and 3.5mm (7mm ok) TS for CV.

  9. Hi.
    Have you still got the following

    Midi2CV PCB — $25
    Pre-programmed ATMega328p — $10
    2 x MCP4922 DAC ICs — $10

    I live in UK
    I am right in thinking , once soldered and
    assembled and calibrated it will just work , I will build in 5U stand alone

  10. hey,
    i recently got an arp 2600 with midi2cv.. even without any midi in or cv in or anything external to trigger, the arp will just shut off and burst on and off what might be a midi pattern (maybe?)? or might something else be going on? it was run through my power conditioner and on different outlets, so i don’t think it’s a power thing…
    here are some vids that might make it more clear…
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Rettj-WBftKlYXjw9qHvzOLC0rybkfjY/view?usp=sharing, https://drive.google.com/file/d/1f0vkOYqdIc7MY1G2TfMz-NH84ZJzXGnD/view?usp=sharing, https://drive.google.com/file/d/1i34yeTwBSi8EFILIt_53WDs_Va4zeVUA/view?usp=sharing

    • Well, this certainly does not look like a MIDI problem to me — it most probably something to do with the power supply as it seems to shut down due to overload or for some other reason.

    • However, you may want to look inside and see if you can disconnect the power connector on the MIDI2CV board to make sure it’s not part of the problem.

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